Your Research Guide to a Career in Information Technology

I encourage job seekers to use this guide to learn about information technology (IT) and the job opportunities in that field. All of the URL’s below are live links in the digital replica of Search & Employ®.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), a part of the United States Department of Labor, describes the IT field in two ways: (1) as a group of industries and (2) as a group of occupations.


The BLS describes the industries in “Industries at a Glance” pages on its website. These pages provide statistics on employment, unemployment, and openings, hires, and separations; employment by occupation; earnings and hours; earnings by occupation; and numbers of establishments.

The BLS arranges the descriptions according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Each industry has a code, and the industries are grouped by sectors, subsectors, etc. For an explanation of NAICS codes, see “Understanding Employment Statistics” in the September-October 2016 issue of Search & Employ®. The BLS also uses NAICS codes in a table of employment projections by industry for the years 2014 through 2024.

Three industry sectors include IT industries:

  • The Information sector (NAICS 51), whose “Industries at a Glance” page can be found here. IT subsectors within the Information sector include Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services (NAICS 518) and Publishing Industries (NAICS 511). In the latter is the industry group Software Publishers (NAICS 5112).

  • The Manufacturing sector (NAICS 31-33), whose “Industries at a Glance” can be found here. IT industry groups within the Manufacturing sector are Computer and Peripheral Equipment Manufacturing (NAICS 3341), Semiconductor and Other Electronic Component Manufacturing (NAICS 3344), and Manufacturing and Reproducing Magnetic and Optical Media (NAICS 3346).

  • The Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services sector (NAICS 54). Within this sector is the industry group Computer Systems Design and Related Services (NAICS 5415).


The BLS describes occupations in various chapters of its Occupational Outlook Handbook. Each chapter covers the nature of the work, the work environment, qualifications, pay, job outlook, similar occupations, and contacts for more information.

The BLS arranges the chapters according to the Standard Occupational Classification and Coding Structure (SOC). For an explanation of SOC codes, see the article “Understanding Employment Statistics” mentioned above. The BLS also uses the SOC in a table of employment projections by occupation for the years 2014 through 2024.

The Handbook has 10 chapters on Computer and Information Technology Occupations. The chapters are accessible here.

Other chapters on IT occupations can be found here.


Industry associations are another excellent source of information. The Semiconductor Industry Association and The Information Technology Industry Council have linked lists of their members, and most of the members’ sites have “jobs” or “careers” or “opportunities” pages.


To learn about the issues, the major players, and the general buzz in information technology, I suggest that you read magazines and view media websites on the subject.

Publication / Publisher

CIO; for chief information officers/International Data Group

CNET/CBS Interactive

CSO; for chief security officers/International Data Group

Computer/IEEE Computer Society

Computerworld/International Data Group

Datamation/QuinStreet Inc.

eWeek/QuinStreet Inc.

ExtremeTech/Ziff Davis, LLC


InfoWorld/International Data Group

IT Business Edge/QuinStreet Inc.

ITworld/International Data Group

Macworld/International Data Group

Network Computing/UBM

Network World/International Data Group

PC Gamer/Future plc

PC Magazine/Ziff Davis, LLC

PCWorld International/Data Group

Small Business Inc.

TechRadar/Future plc

T3/Future plc

Jasen Williams is vice president of agency relations at RecruitMilitary and a veteran of the United States Marine Corps. Contact him at

By Jasen Williams

This article appeared in the November-December 2016 issue of Search & Employ Magazine